Glossary

Given the complexity and hierarchical nature of the Ocean Health Index, we have defined a number of terms with precise meanings to help with communication and clarity. Terms are listed in hierarchical order from broad to specific; terms not listed here are presumed to carry their expected and typical meaning.
Component

The metrics that are used to calculate the value of a dimension. Components may be calculated using a single data layer or multiple layers depending on the goal and the dimension being assessed.


Composite Indicators

A composite indicator is formed when individual indicators are compiled into a single index on the basis of an underlying model. Many dimension scores, all goal scores and the overall Index score are composite indicators.


Data Layer

Actual data (proxy or otherwise) used to measure a component (or part of a component).


Dimension

A dimension is an aspect of a goal that contributes to its current status or likelihood of being able to sustainably deliver that goal in the future. The four dimensions used are Status, Trend, Pressures and Resilience and are described in detail in Methods. We compute each dimension based on various components and data layers that are common across regions. Each dimension has a single unitless score per goal per region that ranges in value from 0-1.


Goal

One of ten public goals that are widely recognized for their important benefits for supporting human well-being and sustainable ocean ecosystems. We compute scores for each goal using four dimensions described in Methods. Each goal has a single unitless score per region representing the current status and its likely future trajectory.


Indicator

An indicator is a direct measure of something that is used as a proxy for a broader concept, status or condition that is not directly measured. It is not a specific term and instead depends on how one defines the indicator.


Ocean Health

A healthy ocean sustainably delivers a range of benefits to people now and in the future.



Pressures

Anthropogenic stressors that negatively affect the ability of a goal to be delivered to people. Pressures can affect either ecological or social (i.e., human) systems.


Region

Region is a general term to connote the reporting scale for an Ocean Health Index score and can be global, regional or country- specific. Results reported here are national in scale. Future iterations of the Index will be calculated for case study regions.


Resilience

Social, institutional, and ecological factors that positively affect the ability of a goal to be delivered to people.



Status

The current value of a goal or sub-goal relative to its reference point.



Sub-goal

Several goals have sub-goals for which data on all four dimensions exist, allowing calculation of a complete sub-goal score. In these cases the goal is the average of these sub-goals.


Trend

The recent change in the value of the Status. See Methods for further details.



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