Targeted Harvest

In contrast to accidental or incidental capture, targeted harvest signifies the intentional taking of a particular species. 

The Ocean Health Index uses the term ‘targeted harvest’ to signify the deliberate capture of iconic species, i.e. those that are relevant to local cultural identity through ethnic or religious practices and existence value. While many iconic species are protected from harvest through local policy or international treaty, some continue to be harvested for commercial purposes, subsistence needs, or spiritual reasons. 

Which Goals Does This Affect?


How Was It Measured?

The Ocean Health Index compiled data from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) regarding the targeted catch of cetaceans and marine turtles. Reported catch for 2009 was used for most countries, but 2008 data were used if information from 2009 was not available.

For both cetaceans and marine turtles the summed catch was rescaled from 0-1, with 1 = 110% of the maximum value across all countries. The scores for cetaceans and marine turtles were averaged to create a single ‘targeted harvest’ score, which was used as a pressure score for calculating the Iconic Species sub-goal of Sense of Place.

What Has Been Done?


References




PHOTO(S): © Keith A. Ellenbogen
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