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Biodiversity: Oceans In Focus

A sea otter pup in Monterey Bay, California. The world’s oceans are home to nearly 200,000 identified species of fish, coral, plants, mammals, and invertebrates.
Coral reef in the Anambas Islands, Indonesia. What we have discovered so far in the ocean is just the tip of the iceberg.  Scientists believe that there are over 2.2 million species yet to be identified.  
Purple Elephant Ear sponge, Raja Ampat, Indonesia. Coral reefs are vital for marine life, harboring four thousand species of fish and 800 types of coral.
Raja Ampat, Papua, Indonesia. The islands of Raja Ampat, located in the West Papua province of Indonesia, have the highest diversity of fish and coral species of any reefs on earth.
A vibrant array of coral in the waters of Raja Ampat. Raja Ampat is a paradise for divers and marine biologists.
Indonesian Speckled Carpet Shark. In 2009, scientists discovered 50 new species of fish, coral, and crustaceans in Raja Ampat.  Among them was the Indonesian speckled carpet shark (Hemiscyillum freycineti), a shark that “walks.”
Mangroves above and reefs below. Raja Ampat has some of the most intact mangrove forests in the world.
A healthy reef in Raja Ampat.  Local people are working with conservationists to protect their extraordinary marine resources.
Juvenile scorpion fish resting on a starfish in Monterey Bay, California. Reef fish adapt to diverse marine habitats all over the world.