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Fiji Scored 72 out of 100 and was conducted to test Ocean Health Index methods in a tropical oceanic island nation context.
(Out of 100)
Fiji assessment scores
Five goals were recalculated either by incorporating local data, constructing more suitable reference points or modifying methods so that results were more relevant to Fiji.
Though overall scores are not strictly comparable owing to the differences in data and methods, Fiji’s regional score of 72 out of 100 is quite close to the 69 it received in the Ocean Health Index’s 2013 global study.
Even though Fiji’s overall score did not change much, scores for some individual goals did. Some were much higher in the focal study (Artisinal Fishing Opportunities) and some much lower (Sense of Place, Natural Products). Scores for Sense of Place subgoals changed in opposite directions: Iconic Species went up, but Lasting Special Places dropped substantially. Iconic Species scores increased when we used a Fiji –specific list of species. Lasting Special Places decreased after we adapted the model to use a Fiji-specific reference point and incorporated measures of ecological effectiveness of different levels of management.
The highest scoring goals in the Fiji study were: Food Provision (90); Artisanal Fishing Opportunities (92) and Tourism (97). Scores for the first two are likely to improve over the coming five years, during which time results suggest that a small decrease on Tourism could occur.
The Fiji study’s lowest scoring goals were: Natural Products (36), Lasting Special Places (48) and the Livelihoods subgoal of Coastal Livelihoods and Economies (52). For some production-oriented goals like Natural Products, low scores may simply reflect choices that have been made not to expand those sectors.
Paper from Ecosystem Services
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